• Paleoart – Original artistic manifestation that attempts to reconstruct or depict prehistoric life according to the current knowledge and scientific evidence at the moment of creating the artwork
  • Skeleton
    • Some skeletons are complete
    • Incomplete skeletons are made complete by using closely related species to determine the missing bones
    • The skeleton is then put into a realistic pose by studying animals living today to determine what type of joint and how the dinosaur might have stood
    • It is hard to determine the exact length of an extinct animal because cartilage doesn’t fossilize
  • Muscles
    • Muscle tissue scars on fossils
      • Showed where the muscle was attached to the bone
    • The more apparent the scar, the more muscle mass the animal had
    • May help with estimating the animal’s total body weight
      • Based on measuring skeletal features that correlate with weight in modern species
  • Skin/Armour/Feathers
  • Skin
  • Skin impressions
  • Armour
    • Hard, bony plates, spines, and knobs grew embedded in their skin
  • Feathers
    • Impressions
    • Many dinosaurs had hair-like or downy feathers, while other species had long, pinnate feathers on their arms and tails, like birds
    • Quill knobs are structures that anchor large feathers directly to the wing bones of modern birds have been found in the arm bones of dinosaurs
  • Color
    • Feathers containing the fossilized remains of melanosomes, the pigment-making organelles that color skin, hair, and feathers in modern animals
      • Researchers studied the pattern of these melanosomes and concluded that a little predator had an orange-and-brown striped tail 
    • The color of dinosaurs’ skin has not been determined yet
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