The attempted coup of July 16, 2016 was triggered by religious tensions within the Turkish government. Friction between Islam and secularism, as embodied in the policies of Mustafa Kemal, later Ataturk, are at the root of most of the modern conflicts within Turkey. These tensions can be traced to the disintegration of the Ottoman empire and the birth of the Modern Turkish republic in the years after World War I. An examination of the recently failed coup will demonstrate a trend toward increased religious sentiment within Turkey.